Table of Contents Hide
- Papaya Nutritional Profile
- How Many Nutrients in Papaya Food
- How To Serve Nutritious Papaya Food
- How To Buying This Food
- How To Storing This Food
- How To Preparing Papaya Food
- How Other Kinds of Processing effect Papaya Food
- Amazing Medical Uses and/or Benefits
- Adverse Effects Associated with This Food
- Food/Drug Interactions In Papaya
Papaya Nutritional Profile
• Energy value (calories per serving): Low
• Protein: Low
• Fat: Low
• Saturated fat: Low
• Cholesterol: None
• Carbohydrates: High
• Fiber: Very high
• Sodium: Low
• Major vitamin contribution: Vitamins A, folate, vitamin C
• Major mineral contribution: Potassium
How Many Nutrients in Papaya Food
• Papayas are high in soluble dietary fiber (gums and pectins) with moderate amounts of vitamin A, as well as an excellent source of the B vitamin folate and vitamin C.
• Half of one five-inch long papaya has 2.8 g dietary fiber, 1,663 IU vitamin A (22 percent of the RDA for a woman, 56 percent of the RDA for
a man), 58 mcg folate (15 percent of the RDA), and 94 mg vitamin C (1.3 times the RDA for a woman, 100 percent of the RDA for a man).
• Unripe papayas and the leaves of the papaya plant contain papain, a proteolytic (protein-dissolving) enzyme that breaks long protein molecules into smaller fragments. You can tenderize meat by cooking it wrapped in papaya leaves or by dusting it with a meat tenderizer of commercially extracted papain dried to a powder. (Soybeans, haricots verts, garden peas, broad beans, wheat flours, and egg white all contain proteins that inactivate papain.)
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How To Serve Nutritious Papaya Food
• Fresh, sliced.
How To Buying This Food
Medium-size, pear-shaped fruit whose skin is turning yellow. The yellower the skin, the riper the fruit. Papayas ripen from the bottom up, toward the stem. Always look for fruit that is yellow at least halfway up.
How To Storing This Food
• Store papayas at room temperature until they are fully ripe, which means that they have turned golden all over and are soft enough to give when you press the stem end.
• Store ripe papayas in the refrigerator.
How To Preparing Papaya Food
• Wash the papaya under cool running water, then cut it in half, spoon out the seeds, and sprinkle it with lemon or lime juice. The seeds of the papaya taste like peppercorns. They can be dried and ground as a seasoning or simply sprinkled, whole, on a salad.
How Other Kinds of Processing effect Papaya Food
Extraction of papain.
Commercial meat tenderizers contain papain extracted from fresh papaya and dried to a powder. The powder is a much more efficient tenderizer than either fresh papaya or papaya leaves. At the strength usually found in these powders, papain can “digest” (tenderize) up to 35 times its weight in meat. Like bromelain (the proteolytic enzyme in fresh pineapple) and ficin (the proteolytic enzyme in fresh figs), papain breaks down proteins only at a temperature between 140°F and 170°F. It won’t work when the temperature is higher or lower.
Amazing Medical Uses and/or Benefits
Lower risk of some birth defects.
Up to two or every 1,000 babies born in the United States each year may have cleft palate or a neural tube (spinal cord) defect due to their mothers’ not having gotten adequate amounts of folate during pregnancy. The current RDA for folate is 180 mcg for a woman and 200 mcg for a man, but the FDA now recommends 400 mcg for a woman who is or may become pregnant.
• Taking a folate supplement before becoming pregnant and through the first two months of pregnancy reduces the risk of cleft palate; taking
folate through the entire pregnancy reduces the risk of neural tube defects.
Possible lower risk of heart attack.
In the spring of 1998, an analysis of data from the records for more than 80,000 women enrolled in the long-running Nurses’ Health Study at Harvard School of Public Health/Brigham and Women’s Hospital, in Boston, demonstrated that a diet providing more than 400 mcg folate and 3 mg vitamin B6 daily, either from food or supplements, might reduce a woman’s risk of heart attack by almost 50 percent. Although men were not included in the study, the results were assumed to apply to them as well.
• However, data from a meta-analysis published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in December 2006 called this theory into question. Researchers at Tulane University examined the results of 12 controlled studies in which 16,958 patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease were given either folic acid supplements or placebos (“look-alike” pills with no folic acid) for at least six months.
• The scientists, who found no reduction in the risk of further heart disease or overall death rates among those taking folic acid, concluded that further studies will be required to determine whether taking folic acid supplements reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Adverse Effects Associated with This Food
Because it can break down proteins, papain (and/or fresh papayas) may cause dermatitis, including a hivelike reaction. This is not an allergic response: it can happen to anyone.
Food/Drug Interactions In Papaya
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are drugs used to treat depression. They inactivate naturally occurring enzymes in your body that metabolize tyramine, a substance found in many fermented or aged foods.
• Tyramine constricts blood vessels and increases blood pressure. One by-product of papain’s breaking up long-chain protein molecules to tenderize meat is the production of tyramine. If you eat a food such as papain-tenderized meat while you are taking an MAO inhibitor, you cannot effectively eliminate the tyramine from your body. The result may be a hypertensive crisis.
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